French Department of America, MARTINIQUE is a piece of Europe in the heart of the Caribbean!
The privileged geographical location of our island, in the heart of the Americas, helps open spaces of cultural exchange, tourism very diverse and very rich.
It is from this natural feature of the Living International Centre derives its originality and displays the difference.
Located in the Lesser Antilles between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator, this small island of 1080 km2, offers the charm of its wild landscapes in a modern living environment.
Bathed by the trade winds, the thermometer shows throughout the year, an average of 27 ° c
In a way less pronounced, two seasons are observed;
Lent or dry season, which runs from January to May: period during which temperatures can flirt with 35 °.
The rainy season, from June to December marked by heavy rain, necessary for watering and irrigation of soils.
Some key dates in the history of Martinique
1502 : Christopher Columbus discovered Martinique.
1636: Introduction of the first slaves from the African continent in the French Antilles.
1685: Establishment of the “Black Code” Colbert who, in 60 articles, officially governs until 1848, the lives of slaves.
1804 : Sacre Coronation of the Empress Josephine de Beauharnais, native of Trois-Ilets (1763), Napoleon Bonaparte’s wife
8 Mai 1902 : Eruption of Mount Pelee and destruction of the city of Saint-Pierre (the “Venice of the Caribbean”) 30000 dead.
1928-1930 : The banana is a timid entry into the economy.
1945 : Aimé Césaire, Mayor of Fort-de-France.
19 Mars 1946 : The Martinique becomes a French Department. It is represented by four MPs and two senators.
1982 : Martinique, is monodépartementale region
1992 : declaration annexed to the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 introduced the concept of ‘outermost region’ whose legal basis was established in 1997.
1998 : 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery.
17 avril 2008 : Aimé Césaire from Martinique poet and politician died at the age of 94. The bard of negritude received a tribute from his native island and a state funeral.